Breathing - difficulty
Breathing - wheeze
Chest - feeling of tightness
Chest - pain
Fatigue / exhaustion
Fingernails - blue
Heart - beat increase
Lips - blue
Lung - sound rhonchus
Neck - discomfort
Skin - pale (pallor)
Pulse - paradoxical
Pulse - rapid
Speech - difficulty
Asthma is a disease that affects the breathing passages of the lungs (bronchioles) and is caused by chronic inflammation of these passages. It is estimated that asthma is originated by environmental and genetic factors.
Young children in the early stages of asthma show signs of excessive inflammation in their airways which makes the asthma an immunological disorder.
Early warning signs and symptoms are:
• Frequent cough , especially at night and early morning
• Shortness of breath and feeling tired when exercising
• Wheezing after exercise
• Changes in a peak expiratory flow
• Frequent breathing difficulty
Asthma is sometimes associated with other diseases like allergies or gastroesophageal reflux.
Asthma is diagnosed after some of the following procedures and tests are done:
- Physical exam
- Medical history, including family histories.
- Spirometry (lung function test)
- Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) test
- Allergy testing
- X - ray
In children younger than 5 years diagnosis relies more in medical histories, signs and symptoms, and physical exams.
Asthma Healthcare Centers