There is currently no cure for asthma. But with proper treatment, people with
asthma can have fewer and less severe attacks.
Treatments are usually focused in avoiding the substances that trigger the
symptoms and control airway inflammation.
Episodes of shortness of breath and wheezing are generally achieved with
bronchodilators. These are typically provided as inhalers, asthma spacer or
There are two types of medication to treat patients with asthma:
- Relievers. They are the medicines taken immediately when asthma symptoms appear. Relievers help by
relaxing the muscles surrounding the airways making it easier to breathe again
but without reducing the swelling in the airways; and
- Preventers, also called controllers, are used to reduce the swelling and
inflammation in the airways.