ATHEROSCLEROSIS
Description


  Symptoms
Blood Pressure - high  Breathing - difficulty Chest - discomfort
Chest - pain Consciousness - loss Dizziness
Face - paralysis Fatigue/exhaustion Head - ache
Heart - beat increase Limb - numbness Mental confusion
Muscles - aching Muscles - weaknes Speech - changes
Speech - difficulty Vision - blurred Weakness
  Description

Also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease is a condition in which plaque builds up inside the arteries. The condition develops over time, when plaque hardens and narrows the arteries blocking the blood’s flow. Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis, a general name used for the thickening and hardening of arteries. 

Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases such as strokes, heart attacks (myocardial infarction), and peripheral vascular disease. It also can builds up in the renal arteries causing chronic kidney disease.

Typically, atherosclerosis begins in childhood.

Usually, atherosclerosis is asymptomatic. Signs and symptoms happens when the narrowing of arteries reach levels that block the normal blood flow to different parts of the body. Therefore atherosclerosis’ symptoms depend on the location of the arteries affected. Some examples include:

Arteries
involved
Possible
symptoms
Brain Blurred vision, speech difficulty,  numbness
Heart Chest pain or discomfort
Kidney High blood pressure
Arms and legs Weakness, pain

Risk factors:

The cause of atherosclerosis is unknown. However, certain factors have been associated to the condition. Among them are found:

     · Chronic hypertension

     · Hyperlipidemia

     · Lack of physical activity

     · Smoking

     · Poor diet

     · Age.

     · Genetic abnormalities

  Diagnosis

There are two traditional methods to confirm the diagnosis:

· Angiography. and

· Stress-testing.

During the past decades other methods have been developed for early detection, including:

· CT for coronary calcium scoring

· Ultrasound for carotid intimal media thickness

· Intravascular ultrasound

· Measurements of lipoprotein, homocysteine, HbA1c, and hs-CRP

· PET scan

The level of atherosclerotic regression can be monitored from the following data:

· Level of cholesterol

· Monocyte counts

· Cholesterol markers, LDL:HDL ratio and apolipiprotein B: apolipoprotein A-1 ratio

  More information:
Atherosclerosis Treatment
Atherosclerosis Healthcare Centers
 

 

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