CHOLERA
Description


 
  Symptoms
Abdominal cramps Abdominal pain Dehydration
Diarrhea Fever Muscles - cramps
Vomiting    
  Description
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae. The bacteria release a toxin that causes increased discharge of water in the intestines, which produces severe diarrhea.

The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Symptoms can occur within 24 to 48 hours of being infected with the cholera-causing bacteria. When illness does occur, about 80-90% of episodes are of mild or moderate severity and are difficult to distinguish clinically from other types of acute diarrhea. About 1 infected person out of 20 has severe signs and symptoms.

The main characteristic symptom is the watery diarrhea that starts suddenly and has a "fishy" odor. Stools, also called "rice water", contain mucus, epithelial cells, and large number of cholera bacteria.
   Diagnosis
Signs and symptoms of cholera, like the rice-water diarrhea, in an endemic area can be accepted as a preliminary diagnosis. Doctors also may consider the recent travel history of the patient. Therefore, a physical examination is needed. However, the disease can only be confirmed after a culture of a stool sample is made.
   More information:
Cholera Treatment
Cholera Healthcare Centers
 

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