There is no cure for coronary heart disease. Therefore, treatment relies on
management of symptoms and measures for prevention of further complications such
as heart attacks.
Treatment comprehends four approaches:
· Lifestyle changes
· Percutaneous intervention
Regular exercises and a diet based on fruit and vegetables can reduce the risk
of cardiovascular diseases.
Depending of the patient’s condition, the pharmacologic therapy may include
antiplatelet and antianginal agents. New antiplatelet agents are constantly
appearing in the market for human use. Aspirin is almost always present in the
antiplatelets therapy to manage chest pain because it decreases the likelihood
of blood clots forming at the sites of the blockages. Nitroglycerin may help to
expand the arteries and improve blood flow. Calcium channel blockers help
to keep arteries open and keep blood pressure low. Beta blockers are prescribed
to reduce blood pressure and control heart rate.
A list of percutaneous (transcatheter) intervention include:
· Percutaneous transmyocardial
· Stent procedure
The main surgical method is the coronary artery bypass surgery.