CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Treatment


 
   Management

There is no cure for coronary heart disease. Therefore, treatment relies on management of symptoms and measures for prevention of further complications such as heart attacks.

Treatment comprehends four approaches:

· Lifestyle changes

· Medication

· Percutaneous intervention

· Surgery

Regular exercises and a diet based on fruit and vegetables can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Depending of the patient’s condition, the pharmacologic therapy may include antiplatelet and antianginal agents. New antiplatelet agents are constantly appearing in the market for human use. Aspirin is almost always present in the antiplatelets therapy to manage chest pain because it decreases the likelihood of blood clots forming at the sites of the blockages. Nitroglycerin may help to expand the arteries and improve blood flow.  Calcium channel blockers help to keep arteries open and keep blood pressure low. Beta blockers are prescribed to reduce blood pressure and control heart rate.

A list of percutaneous (transcatheter) intervention include:

· Angioplasty

· Atherectomy

· Laser ablation

· Percutaneous transmyocardial revascularization (PTMR

· Stent procedure

The main surgical method is the coronary artery bypass surgery.

   More information: 
Coronary Artery Disease Description
Coronary Artery Disease Healthcare Centers
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