Axilla - lymph glands swollen
Groin - lymph glands swollen
Head - ache
Neck - lymph glands swollen
Skin - itching
Skin - pain
Skin - rash
Skin - with blisters
Urination - pain
Herpes, also called herpes simplex, is a disease caused by one of two types of herpes simplex virus:
- HSV-1 (or Herpes Simplex Virus type 1)
- HSV-2 (or Herpes Simplex Virus type 2)
Herpes is classified based on the site of infection. The most common forms are:
- Oral herpes, which is characterized by blisters or cold sores located in the mouth or face.
- Genital herpes, which usually affects the genitals.
Less common forms are:
- Herpetic whitlow that affects the skin of fingers and nails.
- Ocular herpes may infect the cornea (keratitis)
- Herpes gladiatorum. It is caused by the HSV-1 type and is common in people that practice contact sports.
- Herpes simplex encephalitis is very rare but it can affect the central nervous system.
- Neonatal herpes is transmitted from mother to newborn during birth.
Herpes is usually transmitted by direct contact with an infected person. It may happen when the infected skin touches the skin of other person and can be also spread by saliva, but almost never can be transmitted from objects like towels or toilet seats. The virus remains in the body of the infected person for life with outbreaks from time to time. Immune disorders can trigger those episodes. There can be several outbreaks in a year.
The first outbreak usually occurs during the first three weeks after being infected with the virus. Skin rashes and blisters can take up to one month to heal. Flu-like symptoms can be also experienced. After that, future outbreaks tend to be less severe and less often.
Many people infected with the herpes virus may not show any symptom or just experience mild symptoms. Herpes skin symptoms can be easily confused with other skin diseases or mistaken for insect bites. Just appropriate tests can confirm the diagnosis.
Doctors may order the following tests and procedures to confirm the diagnosis:
- Culture of the virus
- PCR test
- IgG test
- Biopsy of the skin
- Direct fluorescent antibody, or DFA
Herpes Healthcare Centers