Head - ache
Muscles - aching
Spleen - swollen
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite and is mainly transmitted to humans by the anopheles mosquito’s bite.
Symptoms may appear between 10 and 15 days after the bite. Once in the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells.
There are five types of plasmodium parasite that cause malaria in humans. The milder forms of the disease can remain in the body, and cause relapses after several years without symptoms. They are caused by the following parasites:
- Plasmodium vivax.
- Plasmodium malariae.
- Plasmodium ovale.
The most serious forms of the disease come from:
- Plasmodium falciparum, which is common in Africa, and
- Plasmodium knowlesi, which causes malaria in primates but can also infect humans.
The first symptoms of malaria are often not specific and are also found in other common diseases like flu or cold.
Doctors may order the following tests and procedures to confirm the diagnosis:
- Blood test (Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs))
- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. It may help to confirm the species of malarial parasites.
Malaria Healthcare Centers