MOUTH CANCER
Description


 
  Symptoms
Breathing - smells       Ear - ache Mouth - bleeding
Mouth - numbness Mouth - swelling Mouth - with lump(s)
Mouth - with red spots Mouth - with white spots Neck - discomfort
Neck - lymph glands swollen Neck - pain Neck - with lump(s)
Speech - changes Speech - difficulty Swallowing - difficulty
Swallowing - pain Teeth - loss Throat – sore
Voice - hoarse Voice - sound changes Weight - loss
  Description

Mouth cancer, also called oral cancer, refers to any cancerous tissue growth originated in the oral cavity, including:

-         Tongue,

-         Lips,

-         Lining inside the cheek,

-         Gums,

-         Tonsils,

-         Salivary glands, and

-         Top and bottom of the mouth.

The causes of mouth cancer are unknown but there are certain risk factors that increase the chance that this type of cancer may develop. These include:

-         Smoking

-         Alcoholism or excess of alcohol consumption

-         Human papilloma virus (infection with the HPV)

-         Diet (poor in essential vitamins and minerals and overconsumption of red meat and oily foods).

-         Family history of cancer.

Different countries use different types of staging methods. The two more used are the Roman numerals from I to IV (I being the smallest and IV the most advanced) and the TMN system (T defines the tumor, N the lymph nodes, and M describes metastasis).

  Diagnosis

Diagnosis can be confirmed with:

-          Physical examination of the oral cavity to check if there is any tissue change or suspicious lump.

-          Biopsy of a small sample of tissue

Several tests may help to determine the magnitude of the cancer:

-          X-ray

-          CT scan

-          MRI scan

-          Biopsies of neighboring lymph nodes

-          Endoscopy

-          PET (positron emission tomography) scan

  More Information:
Mouth Cancer Treatment
Mouth Cancer Healthcare Centers
 

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