NEPHRITIS
Description


 
  Symptoms
Abdominal pain Blood Pressure - high Body - inflammation
Face - swelling Fever Foot - swollen
Urination - pain Urination - decrease Urination - frequent
Urination - scanty Urine - dark color Urine - with blood
Vomiting Weight - gain  
  Description
Nephritis is the inflammation of one or both kidneys.

Nephritis is usually classified by location:

- Glomerulonephritis. The term is also used instead of nephritis and refers to the inflammation of the glomeruli.
- Interstitial nephritis, also called Tubulo-interstitial nephritis, affects the interstitium (spaces between the renal tubules) of the kidneys.

In addition, nephritis can be classified by causes:

- Lupus nephritis is caused by systemic lupus erythematosus, which is an autoimmune disorder.
- Pyelonephritis is due to a urinary infection.
- Heredity factors (very rare).
- Athletic nephritis may appear from physical stress.
- Medication. Mainly produced by long-term intakes or side effects of certain drugs.

There are many factors that can cause nephritis. However, autoimmune disorders and infections are the most commonly known. A recent episode of strep throat or bladder infection can be indicator of infectious nephritis.

When the kidney is inflamed, it also filters out proteins from the blood, a condition that is called proteinuria. If the kidneys suddenly become inflamed, then the condition is called Acute nephritis. 
  Diagnosis
Doctors may order the following tests and procedures to confirm the diagnosis:

- Biopsy of the kidneys.
- Urine test.
- Blood test.
- Ultrasound.
- Imaging tests (CT, MRI). 
  More information:
Nephritis Treatment
Nephritis Healthcare Centers
 

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