Breathing - smells
Mouth - gum bleeding
Mouth - gum swelling
Mouth - gum redness
Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is the inflammation of the tissues around the teeth. Depending of the tissues involved, it receives different names:
• Gingivitis, which is characterized by red and swollen gums, refers to to the inflammation of the gums around the teeth and usually precedes periodontitis.
• Periodontitis occurs when the bone below the gums gets infected.
The cause of the inflammation is the accumulation of plaques formed by bacteria, mucus and other substances. With time, those plaques get harder and form “tartar” which cannot be cleaned with the everyday brushing.
The diagnosis of periodontal disease is commonly confirmed with a oral examination. X-rays are taken to show any loss of bone structure supporting the teeth.
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