Management and medications
Cough mixtures, expectorants, and suppressants are usually not helpful and should not be used.
- Vaccine. Whooping cough commonly affects infants and young children but can be prevented by immunization with pertussis vaccine. Pertussis vaccine is most commonly given in combination with the vaccines for diphtheria and tetanus.
- Antibiotics. Treatment with an effective antibiotic shortens the infectious period but does not generally alter the outcome of the infection. If started early enough, antibiotics can make the symptoms go away more quickly.
- Hospitalization. Infants with severe cases should be hospitalized for intensive care because their breathing may temporarily stop during coughing spells. An oxygen tent with high humidity may be used. Fluids may be given through a vein if coughing spells are severe enough to prevent the person from drinking enough fluids.
Pertussis Healthcare Centers
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