TETANUS
Description


 
  Symptoms
Abdominal cramps Blood Pressure - high Fever
Heart - beat increase Jaw - spasms Muscles - cramps
Neck - stiffness Seizure Swallowing - difficulty
Sweating    
  Description
Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is an infection caused by Clostridium tetani bacteria that produce a neurotoxin called tetanospasmin, affecting the nervous system and leading to involuntary muscle contractions.

The bacteria are commonly found in soil, dust, saliva and animal feces. Once the bacteria enter the body through a wound, they release a toxin that produces painful neuromuscular symptoms such as spasms and stiffness of the jaw, neck and abdomen.

The disease can also infect newborn babies after a non-sterile delivery. This is called neonatal tetanus.

The incubation period is very uncertain and can take from a week to several months.
  Diagnosis
There are no lab tests that can confirm tetanus. Therefore the diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms.

However, the “spatula test” is used as a primary method for diagnosis. This test consists in introducing a sterile spatula into the back of the throat. It can induce the involuntary contraction of the jaw, which is an indication of tetanus infection.
  More information:
Tetanus Treatment
Tetanus Healthcare Centers
 

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